The 2018/19 season of the Premier League finished with Manchester City retaining their title on the last day of the season. Despite losing just one match all season (to the eventual champions), Liverpool finished as runners-up, one point behind.
While Manchester City may have lost more matches (four to Liverpool’s one), two more wins by City (just) outweighed the five extra draws on Liverpool’s part. As has been pointed out elsewhere, in any other past season, Liverpool’s haul of 97 points would’ve won them the league.
In the heatmap below, the gulf between the top two and the rest is only somewhat discernible in the blue cells across the entirety of the first two rows. I may have to have a think about whether there’s a way to show that a bit more clearly next season. (Looking back at last year’s results, Manchester City’s dominance then isn’t especially visible, either.)
By PageRank, Manchester City, Liverpool and Chelsea remain the top three, and in that order. By points, Tottenham were the only top-ten team to fail to take any points off Manchester City or Liverpool. They drop from fourth to eighth; the largest fall under this alternative ranking.
The largest rise is Leicester, from ninth by points to fourth by PageRank; boosted by wins against Manchester City and Chelsea while struggling against teams like Tottenham and Manchester United (no points against either, home or away).
At the other end of the table, Cardiff, Fulham and Huddersfield remain in the bottom three, and in that order, whether by points or PageRank.
Data source: Football-Data